Birmingham, Alabama

About Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham ( BUR-ming-ham) is a city in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama. Birmingham is the seat of Jefferson County, Alabama’s most populous county. According to the 2021 census estimates, Birmingham’s population was 197,575, which is 1% less than the 2020 Census. This makes it Alabama’s third most populous city, after Huntsville and Montgomery. The broader Birmingham metropolitan area had a 2020 population of 1,115,289, and is the largest metropolitan area in Alabama as well as the 50th-most populous in the United States. Birmingham serves as an important regional hub and is associated with the Deep South, Piedmont, and Appalachian regions of the nation.

Birmingham was established in 1871 by the merger of three farms, Elyton and Elyton, during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. It grew from that point, annexing many of its smaller neighbors to become an industrial and railroad transportation hub with a focus mining, the iron-and steel industry, as well as railroading. Birmingham, England, was one of the nation’s most important industrial cities, was the reason Birmingham was named. Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry. The city may have been planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and often African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city’s steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast.

Source

Jefferson County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Alabama, located in the central portion of the state. As of the 2020 census, its population was 674,721. Its county seat is Birmingham. Its rapid growth as an industrial city in the 20th century, based on heavy manufacturing in steel and iron, established its dominance. The central county of the Birmingham – Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area is Jefferson County.

Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama

Cities Near Birmingham, AL